Appendix C-Federal Agency Response Missions, Capabilities and Resources, References, and Authorities



[ View in Frames | Document Outline ]

Section Contents

Each Federal agency develops and maintains a plan that describes a detailed concept of operations for implementing this Plan. This section contains summary information about the following Federal agencies:

Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Department of Commerce (DOC)
Department of Defense (DOD)
Department of Energy (DOE)
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
Department of the Interior (DOI)
Department of Justice (DOJ)
Department of State (DOS)
Department of Transportation (DOT)
Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
General Services Administration (GSA)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
National Communications System (NCS)
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)

Summary information for each agency contains: (1) a response mission statement, (2) a description of the agency's response capabilities and resources, (3) agency response plan and procedures references, and (4) sources of agency authority.


A. Department of Agriculture


[ Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) provides assistance to State and local governments in developing agricultural protective action recommendations and in providing agricultural damage assessments. USDA will actively participate with EPA and HHS on the Advisory Team for Environment, Food, and Health when convened. USDA regulatory responsibilities for the inspection of meat, meat products, poultry, poultry products, and egg products are essential uninterruptible functions that would continue during an emergency.

2. Capabilities and Resources

USDA can provide assistance to State and local governments through emergency response personnel located at its Washington, DC, headquarters and from USDA State and County Emergency Board representatives located throughout the country. USDA Emergency Board representatives have knowledge of local agriculture and can provide specific advice to the local agricultural community. In addition, USDA State and County Emergency Boards can assist in the collection of agricultural samples during a radiological emergency. USDA actively participates with EPA and HHS on the Advisory Team when convened.

The functions and capabilities of the USDA to provide assistance in the event of a radiological emergency include the following:

   a. Provide assistance through regular USDA programs, if legally adaptable to radiological emergencies
b. Provide emergency food coupon assistance in officially designated disaster areas, if a need is determined by officials and if the commercial food system is sufficient to accommodate the use of food coupons
c. Assist in reallocation of USDA-donated food supplies from warehouses, local schools, and other outlets to emergency care centers. These are foods donated to various outlets through USDA food programs
d. Provide lists that identify locations of alternate sources of food and livestock feed and arrange for transportation of the food and feed if requested
e. Provide advice to State and local officials regarding the disposition of livestock and poultry contaminated by radiation
f. Inspect meat and meat products, poultry and poultry products, and egg products identified for interstate and foreign commerce to assure that they are safe for human consumption
g. Assist State and local officials, in coordination with HHS and EPA, in the recommendation and implementation of protective actions to limit or prevent the ingestion of contaminated food
h. Assist, in conjunction with HHS, in monitoring the production, processing, storage, and distribution of food through the wholesale level to eliminate contaminated product or to reduce the contamination in the product to a safe level
i. Assess damage to crops, soil, livestock, poultry, and processing facilities and incorporate findings into a damage assessment report
j. Provide advice to State and local officials on minimizing losses to agricultural resources from radiation effects
k. Provide information and assistance to farmers, food processors, and distributors to aid them in returning to normal after a radiological emergency
l. Provide a liaison to State agricultural agencies if requested
m. Assist DOE at the FRMAC in collecting agricultural samples within the Ingestion Exposure Pathway Emergency Planning Zone. Assist in the evaluation and assessment of data to determine the impact of the emergency on agriculture
n. Assist in providing temporary housing for evacuees who have been displaced from their homes due to a radiological emergency and
o. Provide emergency communications assistance to the agricultural community through the Cooperative Extension System, an electronic mail system.

3. USDA References

USDA Radiological Emergency Response Plan, January 1988.

4. USDA Specific Authorities.

   a. Title 7, U.S.C. 241-273.
b. Title 7, U.S.C. 341-349.
c. Title 7, U.S.C. 612 C.
d. Title 7, U.S.C. 612 C Note.
e. Title 7, U.S.C. 1431.
f. Title 7, U.S.C. 1622.
g. Title 7, U.S.C. 2014(h).
h. Title 7, U.S.C. 2204.
i. Title 16, U.S.C. 590 a-f.
j. Title 21, U.S.C. 451 et seq.
k. Title 21, U.S.C. 601 et seq.
l. Title 21, U.S.C. 1031-1056.
m. Title 42, U.S.C. 1480.
n. Title 42, U.S.C. 3271-3274.
o. Title 50, U.S.C. Appendix 2251 et seq.
p. Title 7, CFR 2.51 (a)(30).
q. E.O. 12656, November 18, 1988.
r. DR 1800-1, March 5, 1993.


B. Department of Commerce


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is the primary agency within the Department of Commerce (DOC) responsible for providing assistance to the Federal, State, and local organizations responding to a radiological emergency. Other assistance may be provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. DOC's responsibilities include:

   a. Acquiring and disseminating weather data and providing weather forecasts in direct support of the emergency response operation
b. Preparing and disseminating predictions of plume trajectories, dispersion, and deposition of radiological material released into the atmosphere
c. Providing local meteorological support as needed to assure the quality of these predictions
d. Organizing and maintaining a special data archive for meteorological information related to the emergency and its assessment
e. Ensuring that marine fishery products available to the public are not contaminated
f. Providing assistance and reference material for calibrating radiological instruments and
g. Providing radiation shielding materials.

2. Capabilities and Resources

NOAA is the principal DOC participant in the response to a radiation accident. NOAA prepares both routine and special weather forecasts, and makes use of these forecasts to predict atmospheric transport and dispersion. NOAA's forecasts may be the basis for all public announcements on the movement of contamination from accidents occurring outside U.S. territory or during domestic accidents when any released radioactive material is expected to be carried offsite. NOAA has capabilities to do the following:

   a. Provide current and forecast meteorological information as needed to guide aerial monitoring and sampling, and to predict the transport and dispersion of radioactive materials (gases, liquids, and particles).
b. Routinely forecast the atmospheric transport, dispersion, and deposition of the radioactive materials, and disseminate the results of these computations via automatic facsimile to all relevant parties, twice per day.
c. Produce (and archive) special high-resolution meteorological data sets for providing an improved capability to predict atmospheric transport and dispersion of radioactive materials in the atmosphere.
d. Augment routine and special upper atmosphere and surface meteorological observation systems, as required to improve the quality of these predictions.
e. Evaluate NOAA's transport and dispersion forecast products in conjunction with those of other nations" weather services responding to the emergency, to provide a more internationally consistent product.

Additionally, DOC may provide support to HHS at its request, through the National Marine Fisheries Service, in order to avoid human consumption of contaminated commercial fishery products (marine area only). The National Institute of Standards and Technology can assist in calibrating radiological instruments by comparison with national standards or by providing standard reference materials for calibration, as well as making extensive data on the physical properties of materials available. The National Institute of Standards and Technology can also supply temporary radiation shielding materials.

3. DOC References

National Plan for Radiological Emergencies at Commercial Nuclear Power Plants. Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, November 1982.

4. DOC Specific Authorities

Department of Commerce Organization Order 25-5B, as amended, June 18, 1987.


C. Department of Defense


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Department of Defense (DOD) is charged with the safe handling, storage, maintenance, assembly, and transportation of nuclear weapons and other radioactive materials in DOD custody, and with the safe operation of DOD nuclear facilities. Inherent in this responsibility is the requirement to protect life and property from any health or safety hazards that could ensue from an accident or significant incident associated with these materials or activities.

The DOD role in a Federal response will depend on the circumstances of the emergency. DOD will be the LFA if the emergency involves one of its facilities or a nuclear weapon in its custody. Within DOD, the military service or agency responsible for the facility, ship, or area is responsible for the onsite response. The military service or agency having custody of the material outside an installation boundary is responsible for the onsite response. For emergencies occurring under circumstances for which DOD is not responsible, DOD will not be the LFA, but will support and assist in the Federal response.

2. Capabilities and Resources

Offsite authority and responsibility at a nuclear accident rest with State and local officials. It is important to recognize that for nuclear weapons or weapon component accidents, land may be temporarily placed under effective Federal control by the establishment of a National Defense Area or National Security Area to protect U.S. Government classified materials. These lands will revert to State control upon disestablishment of the National Defense Area or National Security Area.

DOD has a trained and equipped nuclear response organization to deal with accidents at its facilities or involving materials in its custody. Radiological resources include trained response personnel, specialized radiation instruments, and mobile instrument calibration and repair capabilities. DOD also may perform special sampling of airborne contamination on request. Descriptions of the capabilities and assets of DOD response teams can be found in DOD 5100.52M.

DOD may provide assistance in the form of personnel, logistics and telecommunications, assistance and expertise in site restoration, including airlift services, when available, upon the request of the LFA or FEMA. Requests for assistance must be directed to the National Military Command Center or through channels established by prior agreements.

3. DOD References.

   a. DOD Directive 5100.52, DOD Response to an Accident or Significant Incident Involving Radiological Materials.
b. DOD Directive 5230.16, Nuclear Accident and Incident Public Affairs Guidance.
c. DOD Directive 3025.1, Military Support to Civil Authorities.
d. DOD Directive 3025.12, Military Assistance for Civil Disturbances.
e. DOD Directive 3150.5, DOD Response to Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) Incident.
f. DOD 5100.52M, Nuclear Weapon Accident Response Procedures (NARP) Manual.
g. Joint Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Energy, and Department of Defense Agreement for Response to Improvised Nuclear Device Incidents.

4. DOD Specific Authorities.

   a. The Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 2011- 2284.
b. Public Law 97-351, "Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material Implementation Act of 1982."
c. Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Federal Emergency Management Agency Memorandum of Agreement on Response to Nuclear Weapon Accidents and Nuclear Weapon Significant Incidents, 1983.


D. Department of Energy


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Department of Energy (DOE) owns and operates a variety of radiological activities throughout the United States. These activities include: fixed nuclear sites the use, storage, and shipment of a variety of radioactive materials the shipment of spent reactor fuel the production, assembly, and shipment of nuclear weapons and special nuclear materials the production and shipment of radioactive sources for space ventures and the storage and shipment of radioactive and mixed waste. DOE is responsible for the safe operation of these activities and should an emergency occur at one of its sites or an activity under its control, DOE will be the LFA for the Federal response.

Due to its technical capabilities and resources, the DOE may perform other roles within the Federal response to a radiological emergency. With extensive, field-based radiological resources throughout the United States available for emergency deployment, the DOE responds to requests for offsite radiological monitoring and assessment assistance and serves as the initial coordinator of all such Federal assistance (to include initial management of the FRMAC) to State and local governments. With other specialized, deployable assets, DOE assists other Federal agencies responding to malevolent nuclear emergencies, accidents involving nuclear weapons not under DOE custody, emergencies caused by satellites containing radioactive sources, and other radiological incidents as appropriate.

2. Capabilities and Resources

DOE has trained personnel, radiological instruments, mobile laboratories, and radioanalytical facilities located at its national laboratories, production, and other facilities throughout the country. Through eight Regional Coordinating Offices, these resources form the basis for the Radiological Assistance Program, which can provide technical assistance in any radiological emergency. DOE can provide specialized radiation detection instruments and support for both its response as LFA and as initial coordinator of Federal radiological monitoring and assessment assistance. Some of the specialized resources and capabilities include:

   a. Aerial monitoring capability for tracking dispersion of radioactive material and mapping ground contamination
b. A computer-based, emergency preparedness and response predictive capability that provides rapid predictions of the transport, diffusion, and deposition of radionuclides released to the atmosphere and dose projections to people and the environment
c. Specialized equipment and instruments and response teams for locating radioactive materials and handling damaged nuclear weapons
d. Medical experts on radiation effects and the treatment of exposed or contaminated patients and
e. Support facilities for DOE response, including command post supplies, communications systems, generators, and portable video and photographic capabilities.

3. DOE References

   a. DOE Order 5500.1B, Emergency Management System, April 1991.
b. DOE Order 5500.2B, Emergency Categories, Classes, and Notification and Reporting Requirements, April 1991.
c. DOE Order 5500.3A, Planning and Preparedness for Operational Emergencies, April 1991.
d. DOE Order 5500.4A, Public Affairs Policy and Planning Requirements for Emergencies, June 1992.
e. DOE Order 5530.1A, Accident Response Group, September 1991.
f. DOE Order 5530.2, Nuclear Emergency Search Team, September 1991.
g. DOE Order 5530.3, Radiological Assistance Program, January 1992.
h. DOE Order 5530.4, Aerial Measuring System, September 1991.
i. DOE Order 5530.5, Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center, July 1992.

4. DOE Specific Authorities

   a. Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 2011- 2284.
b. Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, 42 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.
c. Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977, 42 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.
d. Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, 42 U.S.C. 10101 et seq.
e. Title 44, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 351, Radiological Emergency Planning and Preparedness, 351.24, The Department of Energy.


E. Department of Health and Human Services


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

In a radiological emergency, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) assists with the assessment, preservation, and protection of human health and helps ensure the availability of essential health/medical and human services. Overall, the Office of Public Health and Science, Office of Emergency Preparedness, coordinates the HHS emergency response. HHS provides technical and nontechnical assistance in the form of advice, guidance, and resources to Federal, State, and local governments. The principal HHS response comes from the U.S. Public Health Service. HHS actively participates with EPA and USDA on the Advisory Team for Environment, Food, and Health when convened.

2. Capabilities and Resources

HHS has personnel located at headquarters, regional offices, and at laboratories and other facilities who can provide assistance in radiological emergencies. The agency can provide the following kinds of advice, guidance, and assistance:

   a. Assist State and local government officials in making evacuation and relocation decisions
b. Ensure the availability of health and medical care and other human services (especially for the aged, the poor, the infirm, the blind, and others most in need)
c. Provide advice and guidance in assessing the impact of the effects of radiological incidents on the health of persons in the affected area
d. Assist in providing crisis counseling to victims in affected geographic areas
e. Provide guidance on the use of radioprotective substances (e.g., thyroid blocking agents), including dosage, and also projected radiation doses that warrant the use of such drugs
f. In conjunction with DOE and DOD, advise medical personnel on proper medical treatment of people exposed to or contaminated by radioactive materials
g. Recommend Protective Action Guides for food and animal feed and assist in developing technical recommendations on protective measures for food and animal feed and
h. Provide guidance to State and local health officials on disease control measures and epidemiological surveillance and study of exposed populations.

3. HHS References

   a. 55 FR 2879, January 29, 1990-Delegations of authority to the Assistant Secretary for Health for department-wide emergency preparedness functions.
b. 55 FR 2885, January 29, 1990-Statement of organization, functions and delegations of authority to the Office of Emergency Preparedness.
c. Federal Response Plan, Emergency Support Functions #8 (Health and Medical Services), April 1992.
d. Disaster Response Guides, Operating Divisions, Various Dates.

4. HHS Specific Authorities

   a. Public Health Service Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 201 et seq.
b. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, as amended, 21 U.S.C. 301-392.
c. Snyder Act, 25 U.S.C. 13 (1921).
d. Transfer Act, 42 U.S.C. 2004b.
e. Indian Health Care Improvement Act, 25 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.
f. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended, Title VI, 42 U.S.C. 5195 et seq.
g. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (SUPERFUND), 42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq., as amended by the SUPERFUND Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-499) (1986).
h. 42 U.S.C. 3030-Section 310 of the Older Americans Act.
i. 42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.-Section 401 et seq. of the Social Security Act.
j. 45 CFR 233.120-Emergency Community Services Homeless Grant Program.
k. 45 CFR 233.120-AFDC Emergency Assistance Program.
l. 45 CFR 233.20(a)(2)(v)-AFDC Special Needs Allowance.
m. Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, as amended, Section 366(0).
n. Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981, Title XXVI (as amended by Public Laws 98-558, 99-425, 101-501, 101-517)- Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program.
o. E.O. 12656, National Security Emergency Preparedness-Part 8.


F. Department of Housing and Urban Development


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) provides information on available housing for disaster victims or displaced persons. HUD assists in planning for and placing homeless victims by providing emergency housing and technical support staff within available resources.

2. Capabilities and Resources

HUD has capabilities to do the following:

   a. Review and report on available housing for disaster victims and displaced persons
b. Assist in planning for and placing homeless victims in available housing
c. Provide staff to support emergency housing within available resources and
d. Provide technical housing assistance and advisory personnel.

3. HUD References

HUD Handbook 3200.02, REV-3, "Disaster Response and Assistance."

4. HUD Specific Authorities

HUD housing programs provide the Department some discretion, to the extent permissible by law, in granting waivers of eligibility requirements to disaster- displaced families. These programs provide rental housing assistance, HUD/FHA-insured loans to repair and rebuild homes, and HUD/FHA- insured loans to purchase new or existing housing, under the following authorities:

   a. National Housing Act, as amended, 12 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.
b. United States Housing Act of 1977, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 1437c et seq.
c. Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.
d. National Affordable Housing Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-625), as amended.


G. Department of the Interior


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Department of the Interior (DOI) manages over 500 million acres of Federal lands and thousands of Federal natural resources facilities and is responsible for these lands and facilities, as well as other natural resources such as endangered and threatened species, migratory birds, anadromous fish, and marine mammals, when they are threatened by a radiological emergency. In addition, DOI coordinates emergency response plans for DOI-managed refuges, parks, recreation areas, monuments, public lands, and Indian trust lands with State and local authorities operates its water resources projects to protect municipal and agricultural water supplies in cases of radiological emergencies and provides advice and assistance concerning hydrologic and natural resources, including fish and wildlife, to Federal, State, and local governments upon request. DOI also administers the Federal Government's trust responsibility for 512 Federally recognized Indian tribes and villages, and about 50 million acres of Indian lands. The Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior is available to assist other agencies in consulting with these tribes about radiological emergency preparedness and responses to emergencies. DOI also has certain responsibilities for the United States insular areas.

2. Capabilities and Resources

DOI has personnel at headquarters and in regional offices with technical expertise to do the following:

   a. Advise and assist in assessing the nature and extent of radioactive releases to water resources including support of monitoring personnel, equipment, and laboratory analytical capabilities.
b. Advise and assist in evaluating processes affecting radioisotopes in soils, including personnel, equipment, and laboratory support.
c. Advise and assist in the development of geographical information systems (GIS) databases to be used in the analysis and assessment of contaminated areas including personnel, equipment, and databases.
d. Provide hydrologic advice and assistance, including monitoring personnel, equipment, and laboratory support.
e. Advise and assist in assessing and minimizing offsite consequences on natural resources, including fish and wildlife, subsistence uses, land reclamation, mining, and mineral expertise.
f. Advise and assist the United States insular areas on economic, social, and political matters.
g. Coordinate and provide liaison between Federal, State, and local agencies and Federally recognized Indian tribal governments on questions of radiological emergency preparedness and responses to incidents.

3. DOI References

   a. 910 DM 5 (Draft)-Interior Emergency Operations, Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan.
b. 296 DM 3 (Draft)-Interior Emergency Delegations, Radiological Emergencies.

4. DOI Specific Authorities

   a. Organic Act of 1879 providing for "surveys, investigations, and research covering the topography, geology, hydrology, and the mineral and water resources of the United States," 43 U.S.C. 31 (USGS).
b. Appropriations Act of 1894 providing for gaging streams and assessment of water supplies of the U.S., 28 Stat. 398 (USGS).
c. OMB Circular A-67 (1964) giving DOI (USGS) responsibility"* * * for the design and operation of the national network for acquiring data on the quantity and quality of surface ground waters * * *" (USGS).
d. The Reclamation Act of 1902, as amended, 43 U.S.C. 391, and project authorization acts (BuRec).
e. National Park Service Act of 1916, 16 U.S.C. 1 et seq., and park enabling acts (NPS).
f. The Snyder Act of 1921, as amended, 25 U.S.C. 13. DOI shall direct, supervise, and expend such monies appropriated by Congress for the benefit, care, and assistance of Indians throughout the United States for such purposes as the relief of distress, and conservation of health, for improvement of operation and maintenance of existing Indian irrigation and water supply systems * * * etc. (BIA).
g. National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 668dd, and refuge enabling acts (FWS).
h. Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, 43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq. (BLM).
i. Endangered Species Act (1973), as amended, 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq. Federal agencies may not jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species (FWS).
j. Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918), as amended, 16 U.S.C. 703 et seq. Prohibits the taking of migratory birds without permits (FWS).
k. Anadromous Fish Conservation Act, as amended, 16 U.S.C. 757a et seq. Reestablishes anadromous fish habitat (FWS).
l. Marine Mammal Protection Act (1972), as amended, 16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq. Conserves marine mammals with management of certain species vested in DOI (FWS).


H. Department of Justice


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Department of Justice (DOJ) is the lead agency for coordinating the Federal response to acts of terrorism in the United States and U.S. territories. Within the DOJ, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) will manage the law enforcement aspect of the Federal response to such incidents. The FBI also is responsible for investigating all alleged or suspected criminal violations of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended.

2. Capabilities and Resources

The FBI will coordinate all law enforcement operations including intelligence gathering, hostage negotiations, and tactical operations.

3. DOJ References

   a. Memorandum of Understanding between DOJ, DOD, and DOE for Responding to Domestic Malevolent Nuclear Weapons Emergencies.
b. Federal Bureau of Investigation Nuclear Incident Response Plan.
c. Memorandum of Understanding between DOE and the FBI for Responding to Nuclear Threat Incidents.
d. Memorandum of Understanding between the FBI and the NRC Regarding Nuclear Threat Incidents Involving NRC-Licensed Facilities, Materials, or Activities.
e. Memorandum of Understanding between DOE, FBI, White House Military Office, and the U.S. Secret Service Regarding Nuclear Incidents Concerning the Office of the President and Vice President of the United States.
f. Joint Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Energy, and Department of Defense Agreement for Response to Improvised Nuclear Device Incidents.

4. DOJ Specific Authorities

   a. Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 42 U.S.C. 2011-2284.
b. 18 U.S.C. 831 (Prohibited Transactions Involving Nuclear Materials).


I. Department of State


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Department of State (DOS) is responsible for the conduct of relations between the U.S. Government and other governments and international organizations and for the protection of U.S. interests and citizens abroad.

In a radiological emergency outside the United States, DOS is responsible for coordinating U.S. Government actions concerning the event in the country where it occurs (including evacuation of U.S. citizens, if necessary) and internationally. Should the FRERP be invoked due to the need for domestic action, DOS will continue to hold this role within the FRPCC structure. Specifically, DOS will coordinate foreign information-gathering activities and, in particular, conduct all contacts with foreign governments except in cases where existing bilateral agreements permit direct agency-to-agency cooperation. In the latter situation, the U.S. agency will keep DOS fully informed of all communications.

In a domestic radiological emergency with potential international trans-boundary consequences, DOS will coordinate all contacts with foreign governments and agencies except where existing bilateral agreements provide for direct exchange of information. DOS is responsible for conveying the U.S. Government response to foreign offers of assistance.

2. Capabilities and Resources

The State Department maintains embassies, missions, interest sections (in countries where the United States does not have diplomatic relations), and consulates throughout the world. The State Department Operations Center is capable of secure, immediate, around-the-clock communications with diplomatic posts. The diplomatic personnel stationed at a post are knowledgeable of local factors important to clear and concise communication, and frequently speak the local language. The Ambassador is the President's personal representative to the host government, and his country team is responsible for coordinating official contacts between the U.S. Government and the host government or international organization.

3. DOS References

Task Force Manual for Crisis Management (rev. 11 January 1990).

4. DOS Specific Authorities

   a. Presidential Directive/NSC-27 (PD-27) of January 19, 1978.
b. 22 U.S.C. 2656.
c. 22 U.S.C. 2671(a)(92)(A).


J. Department of Transportation


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Department of Transportation (DOT) Radiological Emergency Response Plan for Non-Defense Emergencies provides assistance to State and local governments when a radiological emergency adversely affects one or more transportation modes and the States or local jurisdictions requesting assistance have inadequate technical and logistical resources to meet the demands created by a radiological emergency.

2. Capabilities and Resources

DOT can assist Federal, State, and local governments with emergency transportation needs and contribute to the response by assisting with the control and protection of transportation near the area of the emergency. DOT has capabilities to do the following:

   a. Support State and local governments by identifying sources of civil transportation on request and when consistent with statutory responsibilities.
b. Coordinate the Federal civil transportation response in support of emergency transportation plans and actions with State and local governments. (This may include provision of Federally controlled transportation assets and the controlling of transportation routes to protect commercial transportation and to facilitate the movement of response resources to the scene.)
c. Provide Regional Emergency Transportation Coordinators and staff to assist State and local authorities in planning and response.
d. Provide technical advice and assistance on the transportation of radiological materials and the impact of the incident on the transportation system.
e. Provide exemptions from normal transportation hazardous materials regulations if public interest is best served by allowing shipments to be made in variance with the regulations. Most exemptions are issued following public notice procedures, but if emergency conditions exist, DOT can issue emergency exemptions by telephone.
f. Control airspace, including the imposition of Temporary Flight Restrictions and issuance of Notices to Airmen (NOTAMS), both to give priority to emergency flights and protect aircraft from contaminated airspace.
DOT is responsible for dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency and foreign Competent Authorities on issues related to packaging and other standards for the international transport of radioactive materials. If a transport accident involves international shipments of radioactive materials, DOT will be the point of contact for working with the transportation authorities of the foreign country that offered the material for transport in the United States.

3. DOT References

   a. Department of Transportation Radiological Emergency Response Plan for Non-Defense Emergencies, August 1985.
b. DOT Order 1900.8, Department of Transportation Civil Emergency Preparedness Policies and Program(s).
c. DOT Order 1900.7D, Crisis Action Plan.
d. Transportation Annex (Emergency Support Function #1), Federal Response Plan.

4. DOT Specific Authorities

   a. 49 U.S.C. 301.
b. 44 CFR 351, Radiological Emergency Planning and Preparedness, 351.25, The Department of Transportation.


K. Department of Veterans Affairs


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) can assist other Federal agencies, State and local governments, and individuals in an emergency by providing immediate and long-term medical care, including management of radiation trauma, as well as first aid, at its facilities or elsewhere. VA can make available repossessed VA mortgaged homes to be used for housing for affected individuals. VA can manage a system of disposing of the deceased. VA can provide medical, biological, radiological, and other technical guidance for response and recovery reactions. Generally, none of these actions will be taken unilaterally but at the request of a responsible senior Federal official and with appropriate external funding.

2. Capabilities and Resources

In addition to the capabilities listed above, VA:

   a. Operates almost 200 full-facility hospitals and outpatient clinics throughout the United States
b. Has almost 200,000 employees with broad medical, scientific, engineering and design, fiscal, and logistical capabilities
c. Manages the National Cemetery System in 38 States
d. May have a large inventory of repossessed homes (this inventory varies according to economic trends)
e. Is one of the Federal managers of the National Disaster Medical System
f. Is a participant in the VA/DOD contingency plan for Medical Backup in times of national emergency
g. Has the capability to manage the medical effects of radiation trauma using the VA's Medical Emergency Radiological Response Teams (MERRTs) and
h. Has a fully equipped emergency center with multi-media communications at the Emergency Medical Preparedness Office (EMPO).

3. VA References

MP-1, Part II, Chapter 13 (Emergency Preparedness Plan), March 20, 1985, as revised.

4. VA Specific Authorities

   a. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended, Title VI, 42 U.S.C. 5195 et seq.
b. National Security Decision Directive Number 47 (NSDD-47), July 22, 1982, Emergency Mobilization Preparedness.
c. National Security Decision Directive Number 97 (NSDD-97), June 13, 1982, National Security Telecommunications Policy.
d. National Plan of Action for Emergency Mobilization Preparedness.
e. Veterans Administration and Department of Defense Health Resources Sharing and Emergency Operations Act, 38 U.S.C. 5001 et seq.
f. E.O. 11490, Assignment of Preparedness Functions to Federal Departments and Agencies, October 28, 1969, as amended, 3 CFR, 1966-1970 Comp., p. 820.
g. E.O. 12656, Assignment of Emergency Preparedness Responsibilities, November 18, 1988, 3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 585.
h. E.O. 12657, Federal Emergency Management Agency Assistance, Emergency Preparedness Planning at Commercial Nuclear Power Plants, November 23, 1988, 3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 611.


L. Environmental Protection Agency


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) assists Federal, State, and local governments during radiological emergencies by providing environmental and water supply monitoring, recommending protective actions, and assessing the consequences of radioactivity releases to the environment. These services may be provided at the request of the Federal or State Government, or EPA may respond to an emergency unilaterally in order to fulfill its statutory responsibility. EPA actively participates with USDA and HHS on the Advisory Team when convened.

2. Capabilities and Resources

EPA can provide personnel, resources, and equipment (including mobile monitoring laboratories) from its facilities in Montgomery, AL, and Las Vegas, NV, and technical support from Headquarters and regional offices. EPA has capability to do the following:

   a. Direct environmental monitoring activities and assess the environmental consequences of radioactivity releases.
b. Develop Protective Action Guides.
c. Recommend protective actions and other radiation protection measures.
d. Recommend acceptable emergency levels of radioactivity and radiation in the environment.
e. Prepare health and safety advice and information for the public.
f. Assist in the preparation of long-term monitoring and area restoration plans and recommend clean-up criteria.
g. Estimate effects of radioactive releases on human health and environment.
h. Provide nationwide environmental monitoring data from the Environmental Radiation Ambient Monitoring Systems for assessing the national impact of the emergency.

3. EPA References

   a. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Radiological Emergency Response Plan, Office of Radiation Programs, December 1986.
b. Letter of Agreement between DOE and EPA for Notification of Accidental Radioactivity Releases into the Environment from DOE Facilities, January 8, 1978.
c. Letter of Agreement between NRC and EPA for Notification of Accidental Radioactivity Releases to the Environment from NRC Licensed Facilities, July 28, 1982.
d. Manual of Protective Action Guides and Protective Actions for Nuclear Incidents, Office of Radiation Programs, January 1990.
e. Memorandum of Understanding Between the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Environmental Protection Agency Concerning the Use of High Frequency Radio for Radiological Emergency Response 1981, Office of Radiation Programs, EPA.

4. EPA Specific Authorities

   a. Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq. (1970), and Reorganization Plan #3 of 1970.
b. Public Health Service Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 241 et seq. (1970).
c. Safe Drinking Water Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 300f et seq. (1974).
d. Clean Air Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. (1977).
e. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (SUPERFUND), 42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq., as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-499) (1986).
f. E.O. 12656, Assignment of Emergency Preparedness Responsibilities, November 18, 1988, 3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 585.


M. Federal Emergency Management Agency


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is responsible for coordinating offsite Federal response activities and Federal assistance to State and local governments for functions other than radiological monitoring and assessment. FEMA's coordination role is to promote an effective and efficient response by Federal agencies at both the national level and at the scene of the emergency. FEMA coordinates the activities of Federal, State, and local agencies at the national level through the use of its Emergency Support Team and at the scene of the emergency with its Emergency Response Team.

2. Capabilities and Resources

FEMA will provide personnel who are experienced in disaster assistance to establish and operate the DFO public information officials to coordinate public information activities personnel to coordinate reporting to the White House and liaison with the Congress and personnel experienced in information support for the Federal response. FEMA personnel are familiar with the capabilities of other Federal agencies and can aid the States and other Federal agencies in obtaining the assistance they need. FEMA will:

   a. Coordinate assistance to State and local governments among the Federal agencies
b. Coordinate Federal agency response activities, except those pertaining to the FRMAC, and coordinate these with the activities of the LFA
c. Work with the LFA to coordinate the dissemination of public information concerning Federal emergency response activities. Promote the coordination of public information releases with State and local governments, appropriate Federal agencies, and appropriate private sector authorities and
d. Help obtain logistical support for Federal agencies.

3. FEMA References

   a. Federal Response Plan, April, 1992, and subsequent changes.
b. Emergency Response Team Plans for FEMA Regions I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, and X, various dates.
c. NRC/FEMA Operational Response Procedures for Response to a Commercial Nuclear Reactor Accident (NUREG-0981/FEMA-51), Rev. 1, February 1985.
d. Memorandum of Understanding for Incident Response between the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, October 22, 1980.
e. Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Federal Emergency Management Agency Memorandum of Agreement for Response to Nuclear Weapon Accidents and Nuclear Weapon Significant Incidents, 1983.
f. Memorandum of Understanding, GSA and FEMA, February 1989.

4. FEMA Specific Authorities

   a. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, P.L. 93-288, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.
b. E.O. 12148 of July 20, 1979, Federal Emergency Management, 3 CFR, 1979 Comp., p. 412.
c. E.O. 12241 of September 29, 1980, National Contingency Plan, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 282.
d. E.O. 12472 of April 3, 1984, Assignment of National Security and Emergency Preparedness Telecommunications Functions, 3 CFR, 1984 Comp., p. 193.
e. E.O. 12656 of November 18, 1988, Assignment of Emergency Preparedness Responsibilities, 3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 585.
f. E.O. 12657 of November 18, 1988, Federal Emergency Management Agency Assistance in Emergency Preparedness Planning at Commercial Nuclear Power Plants, 3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 611.
g. 44 CFR 351, Radiological Emergency Planning and Preparedness.
h. 44 CFR 352, Commercial Nuclear Power Plants: Emergency Preparedness Planning.


N. General Services Administration


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The General Services Administration (GSA) is responsible to direct, coordinate, and provide logistical support of other Federal agencies. GSA, in accordance with the National Plan for Telecommunications Support During Non-Wartime Emergencies, manages the provision and operations of telecommunications and automated data processing services. A GSA employee, the Federal Emergency Communications Coordinator (FECC), in accordance with appropriate regulations and plans, is appointed to perform communications management functions.

2. Capabilities and Resources

GSA provides acquisition and procurement of floor space, telecommunications and automated data processing services, transportation, supplies, equipment, material it also provides specified logistical services that exceed the capabilities of other Federal agencies. GSA also provides contracted advisory and support services to Federal agencies and provides security services on Federal property leased by or under the control of GSA. GSA will identify a Regional Emergency Communications Planner (RECP) and FECC, when required, for each of the 10 standard Federal regions. GSA will authorize the RECP to provide technical support and to accept guidance from the FEMA Regional Director during the pre-deployment phase of a telecommunications emergency. The GSA Regional Emergency Coordinator will coordinate all the services provided. Upon request of the Senior FEMA Official (SFO) through the Regional Emergency Coordinator, GSA will dispatch the FECC to the disaster site to expedite the provision of the telecommunications services.

3. Funding

GSA is not funded by Congressional appropriations. All requests for support are funded by the requestor in accordance with normal procedures or existing agreements.

4. GSA References

   a. Memorandum of Understanding between GSA and FEMA Pertaining to Disaster Assistance Programs, Superfund Relocation Program, and Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan Programs, February 2, 1989.
b. GSA Orders in the 2400 Series (Emergency Management).
c. National Communications System Plan for Telecommunications Support to Non-Wartime Emergencies, January 1992.
d. National Telecommunications System Telecommunication Procedures Manuals.

5. GSA Specific Authorities

   a. The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1947, as amended, 40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.
b. The Communications Act of 1934, 47 U.S.C. 390 et seq.
c. The Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended, 50 App. 2061 et seq.
d. E.O. 12472 of April 3, 1984, Assignment of National Security and Emergency Preparedness Telecommunications Functions, 3 CFR, 1984 Comp., p. 193.
e. Federal Acquisition Regulations, 48 CFR 1.
f. The General Services Administration Acquisition Regulations, 41 CFR 5.
g. Federal Property Management Regulations, 41 CFR 101.
h. Federal Travel Regulations, 41 CFR 301-304.


O. National Aeronautics and Space Administration


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The role of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in a Federal response will depend on the circumstances of the emergency. NASA will be the LFA and will coordinate the initial response and support of other agencies as agreed to in specific interagency agreements when the launch vehicle or payload carrying the nuclear source is a NASA responsibility.

2. Capabilities and Resources

NASA has launch facilities and the ability to provide launch vehicle and space craft telemetry data through its tracking and data network. NASA also has the capability to provide limited radiological monitoring and emergency response from its field centers in Florida, Alabama, Maryland, Virginia, Ohio, Texas, and California.

3. NASA References

   a. KHB 1860.1B KSC Ionizing Radiation Protection Program.
b. Memorandum of Understanding between the Department of Energy and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration concerning Radioisotope Power Systems for Space Missions, dated July 26, 1991, as supplemented.

4. NASA Specific Authorities

   a. National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.
b. NASA Policy Directives (NPDs), as applicable.


P. National Communications System


[ Prev | Next | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

Under the National Plan for Telecommunications Support in Non-Wartime Emergencies, the Manager, National Communications System (NCS), is responsible for adequate telecommunications support to the Federal response and recovery operations. The Manager, NCS, will identify, upon the request of the Senior FEMA Official, a Communications Resource Manager from the NCS/National Coordinating Center (NCC) staff when any of the following conditions exist: (1) when local telecommunications vendors are unable to satisfy all telecommunications service requirements (2) when conflicts between multiple Federal Emergency Communications Coordinators occur or (3) if the allocation of available resources cannot be fully accomplished at the field level. The Manager, NCC, will monitor all extraordinary situations to determine that adequate national security emergency preparedness telecommunications services are being provided to support the Federal response and recovery operations.

2. Capabilities and Resources

NCS can provide the expertise and authority to coordinate the communications for the Federal response and to assist appropriate State agencies in meeting their communications requirements.

3. NCS References

   a. National Plan for Telecommunications Support in Non-Wartime Emergencies, September 1987.
b. Memorandum of Understanding, GSA and FEMA, February 1989.
c. E.O. 12046 (relates to the transfer of telecommunications functions), the White House, March 27, 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 comp., p. 158.

4. NCS Specific Authorities

   a. E.O. 12472, Assignment of National Security and Emergency Preparedness Telecommunications Functions, April 3, 1984, 3 CFR, 1984 Comp., p. 193.
b. E.O. 11490, October 30, 1969, 3 CFR, 1966-1970 Comp., p. 820.
c. E.O. 12046, March 27, 1978, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 158.
d. White House Memorandum, National Security and Emergency Preparedness: Telecommunications and Management and Coordination Responsibilities, July 5, 1978.


Q. Nuclear Regulatory Commission


[ Prev | Top of file ]

1. Summary of Response Mission

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates the use of byproduct, source, and special nuclear material, including activities at commercial and research nuclear facilities. If an incident involving NRC- regulated activities poses a threat to the public health or safety or environmental quality, the NRC will be the LFA. In such an incident, the NRC is responsible for monitoring the activities of the licensee to ensure that appropriate actions are being taken to mitigate the consequences of the incident and to ensure that appropriate protective action recommendations are being made to offsite authorities in a timely manner. In addition, the NRC will support its licensees and offsite authorities, including confirming the licensee's recommendations to offsite authorities.

Consistent with NRC's agreement to participate in FRMAC, the NRC may also be called upon to assist in Federal radiological monitoring and assessment activities during incidents for which it is not the LFA.

2. Capabilities and Resources

   a. The NRC has trained personnel who can assess the nature and extent of the radiological emergency and its potential offsite effects on public health and safety and provide advice, when requested, to the State and local agencies with jurisdiction based on this assessment.
b. The NRC can assess the facility operator's recommendations and, if needed, develop Federal recommendations on protective actions for State and local governments with jurisdiction that consider, as required, all substantive views of other Federal agencies.
c. The NRC has a system of thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) established around every commercial nuclear power reactor in the country. The NRC can retrieve and exchange these TLDs promptly and obtain immediate readings onscene.

3. NRC References

   a. NRC Incident Response Plan Revision 2 (NUREG-0728), NRC Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data, June 1987.
b. Regions I through V Supplements to NUREG-0845, 1990.
c. NRC/FEMA Operational Response Procedures for Response to a Commercial Nuclear Reactor Accident, (NUREG-0981 FEMA- 51), Rev. 1, February 1985.
d. Operational Response Procedures Developed between NRC, EPA, HHS, DOE, and USDA, January 1991.
e. Memorandum of Understanding for Incident Response between the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, October 22, 1980.
f. Memorandum of Understanding Between the FBI and the NRC Regarding Nuclear Threat Incidents Involving NRC-Licensed Facilities, Materials, and Activities, March 13, 1991.
g. NUREG/BR-0150, "Response Technical Manual," November 1993.
h. NUREG-1442 (Rev. 1)/FEMA-REP-17 (Rev. 1), "Emergency Response Resources Guide," July 1992.
i. NUREG-1467, "Federal Guide for a Radiological Response: Supporting the Nuclear Regulatory Commission During the Initial Hours of a Serious Accident," November 1993.
j. NUREG-1471, "U.S. NRC Concept of Operations," February 1994.
k. NUREG-1210, "Pilot Program NRC Severe Reactor Accident Incident Response Training Manual," February 1987.

4. NRC Specific Authorities

   a. Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 2011- 2284.
b. Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, 42 U.S.C. 5841 et seq.
c. 10 CFR Parts 0 to 199.

[FR Doc. 96-11313 Filed 5-7-96 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6718-02-P

The Contents entry for this article reads as follows:

Federal radiological emergency response plan, 20944

Notes:


[ NRC Home Page | Top of file | Contents | Comments ]