Braun Electroscope (early 1900s)
This type of electroscope, created by Professor Ferdinand Braun of Tubingen Germany, is primarily used for classroom demonstrations of electrostatic phenomena. The case of Braun's original version was a box, but the one shown here is cylindrical in shape and very large (ca. 13 " high) when compared to the dimensions of typical gold leaf electroscopes.
A vertical metal rod
penetrates the top of the electroscope housing (through an insulator).
Attached to the bottom of this rod is a curved metal scale. In this
example, the electrical contact at the top of the rod is a small sphere
Volta plates are also used. A deflection arm is
connected to the vertical rod by a pin through its center so that the arm
is free to rotate. In its
normal resting position, the deflection arm is vertical.
Sometimes Braun electroscopes employ an opaque cover that has a curved
opening at the bottom. This only permits the scale and tip of the
deflection arm to be seen.
Sometimes Braun electroscopes employ an opaque cover that has a curved opening at the bottom. This only permits the scale and tip of the deflection arm to be seen.
The makers name is
written across the legs of the base: Max Kohl A.G. Chemnitz
When the electroscope is charged, the deflection arm is repelled by the vertical rod. The greater the charge, the greater the deflection. The arm comes to rest when the repulsive coulombic force equals the gravitational force on the arm.
Ferdinand Braun. Ueber das electrische Verhalten des Steinsalzes. Wied. (Drude) Ann. Phys. 31: 856-872; 1887.
Ferdinand Braun. Ueber absolute Vorlesungselectrometer. Wied. Ann. Phys. Vol. ?, 771-773; 1891.
I would like to express my thanks to Jean-François Loude for providing the above references.
Last updated: 07/25/07
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