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ORAU History - 1965

In 1965, a cytogenetics program (now known as the Cytogenetic Biodosimetry Laboratory) was formalized in the Medical Division.

Through 1965, the Information and Exhibits Division participated in the New York World’s Fair with the exhibits “Atomsville, USA” for children, “Radiation and Man” for adults, and a dime irradiator. Total attendance at the exhibits for the duration of the fair was more than four million.

A new grant from the National Institutes of Health in 1965 offered a new research direction for the immunology program’s colony of tamarin monkeys, which were of close relation to the marmosets. Oak Ridge Institute for Nuclear Studies (ORINS) scientists discovered that these primates experienced natural chimerism due to placental blood exchange between twins in the fetal stage.

The first National Science Foundation Atomic Energy Commission Academic Year Institute for High School Teachers began in 1965.

The conceptual design for a low-dose rate whole-body irradiator was completed in 1965. Ten cobalt sources were arranged to provide uniform radiation field in a 14 x 14 apartment. Patients would live in the low-exposure total body irradiation facility (LETBI) for periods of up to two weeks while receiving a dose of 1 to 5 Rem/hour.

In 1965, the ORINS Committee recommended that the corporation's name be changed to Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU).

Children visiting Atomsville USA, an exhibit developed by ORINS for display at the New York World’s Fair, found the polar map an exciting adventure as they searched for deposits of uranium.