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ORAU History - 1968

On Jan. 1, 1968, the American Museum of Atomic Energy (later renamed the American Museum of Science and Energy) added to its name the phrase “Oak Ridge Hall of Science” to reflect its goals for more involvement in the Oak Ridge community.

A cellular biology program, including electron microscopy, was established in 1968 and significantly contributed to several studies including submicroscopic localization of radioactive materials, the morphology of colon cancer, and changes produced by radiation.

Phase I of the Training and Technology (TAT) Program was completed in 1968. Nearly 700 unemployed and underemployed persons completed experimental and demonstration worker training programs during the first two years. More than 99 percent of the TAT graduates were placed in jobs at average wages of nearly $6,000 per year, an increase over pretraining wages of $4,000 per person.

Phase II of TAT began in the summer of 1968 with a pilot program that targeted educationally deprived persons. Phase II identified, prepared, and trained the local disadvantaged for entry-level, industrial jobs in the Oak Ridge area.

The discovery by ORAU Medical Division staff that gallium-67 concentrates in some malignant tissues resulted in an active research program by ORAU and 15 other institutions, most of them medical schools that were members of the ORAU consortium.

In July 1968, two tractor-trailers left Oak Ridge for Mexico City carrying the AEC’s exhibits on nuclear energy for display at Olympiad XIX. Developed by Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), the exhibits remained up through November of 1968.

In 1968, Medical Division staff discovered that gallium-67 localized in a variety of cancers in humans. Intensive research began and at least 20 different kinds of cancers were studied.