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ORAU History - 1986

Through the research participation programs managed by ORISE, numerous students and faculty members have the opportunity to interact with the top scientists while performing research at the national laboratories.

In October 1986, Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) celebrated its 40th anniversary.

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Alexander Hollaender Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowships, to be administered by ORAU, in honor of the late, longtime outstanding director of the Biology Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Under its chairman, Dr. Alfred Wohlpart, the University Programs Division (now referred to as the Science Education and Workforce Development Programs) continued its dramatic increase in services for academe since its establishment as a division in 1982. In 1986, UPD administered more than 30 interactive programs for faculty, graduate students, undergraduate students, and others. Also for the first time, the division undertook a number of new programs for federal agencies other than DOE.

The Special Projects Division (now referred to as National Security and Emergency Management) became ORAU’s newest division. Stemming from the Source Data System Training Program, which previously reported to the executive office, SPD expanded to serve as the home for “incubator projects” within the corporation. In FY 1986, SPD instructors trained more than 1,700 Navy personnel to use the Source Data System to computerize pay and personnel functions.

Drs. William Burr and C. C. Lushbaugh of the Medical and Health Sciences Division (MHSD) traveled to Eastern Europe in 1986 at the request of the U.S. State Department and DOE Headquarters to advise U.S. embassy personnel on matters related to the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident in the Soviet Union. Additionally, the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS), through its Oak Ridge facilities, provided whole-body counting services, primarily for iodine-131 contamination, to U.S. citizens in the Soviet Union or Eastern Bloc countries following the Chernobyl accident.

A new Center for Excellence in Human Reliability Studies was established by DOE in 1986. The center began to develop a set of programs designed to identify needs, approaches, and problems in the assessment of human performance in sensitive or high-risk employment environments. It provided DOE access to experts and advisors, technical assistance and guidance, program coordination, educational and training programs, and appropriate databases for policy and options.